+$Pointillism, or dot art, encompasses many forms of art. Amazing examples are being produced by different creatives including artists, graphic designers, illustrators and even photographers. Whatever form the art takes, it all has one thing in common: the dot.
+$We have searched high and low for the most striking examples of pointillism-based artwork to serve as inspiration for you to have a go yourself. Some examples are pretty traditional, while others have used the technique as a basis and created something totally fresh.
+$Click the icon at the top-right of the image to enlarge it.
+$01. Virgil Finlay
+$Virgil Finlay was an illustrator who used scratchboarding to create dot art for pulp, fantasy and science fiction. Finlay used a 290 ultra-fine lithographic pen on clay-based scratchboard to create his dots. He would laboriously dip only the tip into India ink and allow only the ink, not the pen, to touch the surface. He would then wipe the ink from the pen and repeat the procedure for the next dot.
+$Although this process was labour-intensive, Finlay created over 2600 pieces over his 35-year career. He has been heralded as one of the foremost science fiction illustrators. The piece above is his portrait of H.P Lovecraft, a prolific writer of 'weird fiction' and the background is really special.
+$02. Matt Riste
+$Matt Riste+$is a UK based illustrator and artist who has a portfolio chock full of vibrant work. He has lent pointillist style to re imagined film posters, including Hitchcock's Psycho, and has recently designed t-shirts for WWE.
+$This Batman poster's intricate dot work comes together to pack a punch full of colour, character and personality.
+$03. Federico Pietrella
基于柏林Federico Pietrella+$'s approach to pointillism doesn't involve pens or brushes; instead he works with old-fashioned date stamps and uses them to build up his brilliantly detailed artworks. The final touch? He always has the stamp set to the current date, so you can tell exactly when each work was created.
+$04. Angelo Franco
+$Ecuadorean Artist安杰洛佛朗哥+$has been painting for over 30 years. His work is notable for its bright, contrasting colours and pointillist, impressionistic style, which he uses to try to capture the essence of his subjects, whether they're landscapes or still life studies.
+$05. Ton Dubbledam
+$Coming from a creative family and inspired by the Impressionist masters as a boy, Dutch artistTon Dubbledam+$often works in a pointillist style that's notable for his use of repoussoir – putting the light in the background and using strong shadows to draw the eye to important details.
+$06. James Cochran
+$James Cochran –+$Jimmy C+$– was a huge part of the underground graffiti movement in Australia during the late 1980s. His interest in urban realist and figurative oil painting led to the development of his signature aerosol pointillist style; portraits or urban landscapes painted entirely from blobs of spray paint.
+$07. Paul Signac
Paul Signac是一位艺术家，无政府主义者和敏锐的水手，他的大部分工作都集中在法国海岸线上，他是Geinges Seurat的两位创意人之一。受苏拉特的工作方法和色彩理论的启发，Signac放弃了印象派，并开发了科学上并列的纯色点，这些点将融入观众眼中，而不是画布上。
+$08. Jerry O Wilkerson
+$09. Phan Thu Trang
+$Born and based in Hanoi,Phan Thu Trang+$uses a limited palette and bold dabs of colour to bring the rural Vietnamese landscape to vivid life. Using oils and a palette knife to render the amazing impasto trees that dominate her work, she always tries to use colour and light to create a different sensation for each piece of her art.
+$10. Yuriy Skorohod
+$Hailing from Minsk in Belarus,Yuriy Skorohod+$describes himself as a dotwork artist. "The 'dot' is an abstract object in space having neither volume, area, length nor any other measurable characteristics," he says. "This way, out of nothing, my drawings are getting born."
+$11. William Wilkins
+$Having graduated from the Royal College of Art in 1960,威廉威尔金斯+$started developing his own pointillist technique in the 1970s.
+$12. Kevin Sprouls
凯文斯普鲁斯+$spearheaded the style of drawing now referred to as 'hedcut'. Using a stippling method of many small dots and a cross hatching method of many small lines, Sprouls created drawings that emulated the look and feel of old newspaper woodcuts and engraving.
1979年，插画师通过他的墨点工作接触了“华尔街日报”，随后被出版物聘用到1987年，帮助创造了它的标志性外观。现在有五位hedcut艺术家在The Wallstreet Journal工作，继续Sprouls的遗产。
+$13. Dr Woo
+$What is so unique about吴医生+$'s work, however, is that he uses one needle, meaning his tattoos are created not from a machine, but by hand dot after excruciating dot.
+$While this style of tattooing isn't unique to Woo, his designs are incredibly intricate and beautiful and have inspired many. The LA-based artist has inked celebrities such as Miley Cyrus, Brooklyn Beckham and Ellie Goulding.
+$14. Xavier Casalta
法国艺术家泽维尔卡萨尔塔+$is an expert when it comes to creating inspiring dot art. He builds up his images using a time-consuming stippling technique in black ink – the above artwork took 400 hours to complete, and includes around eight million dots. Casalta's intricate designs have attracted clients including Dior, the National Gallery of London and Nissan.
+$15. Pablo Jurado Ruiz
Pablo Jurado Ruiz+$is a Spanish artist who specialises in pointillist art, using black and white drawing to create beautifully realistic portraits of innocence. "I try to tell stories through a minimalist and subtle vision," he explains. "My current work focuses on simple but realistic drawings worked in an impressionist technique."
+$16. Georges Seurat
+$French Post-Impressionist painter Georges Seurat spent over two years creating his beautiful, and probably best-known, painting Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte. An early example of pointillism, Seurat finished the piece, which is estimated to consist of approximately 3,456,000 dots, in the late 1880s.
+$17. Miguel Endara
+$Crafted by illustrator and artist米格尔恩达拉+$, Hero (above) is composed of approximately 3.2 million black ink dots, using a single Sakura Pigma Micron pen (nib size 005, 0.2mm). It took nearly a whole year to complete. You can see how it was done in the video below.
+$18. Matt Booth
+$Most – but not all – of multidisciplinary designer马特布斯+$'s work uses pointillism as its influence. This skull glow poster uses an array of dots to make up the image. The skull on this dot art print appears completely white until the lights go out.
+$19. Yayoi Kusama
+$How could we write up a post on pointillism and dot art without including the Queen of the polka dot herself,草间弥生+$? Ever since the 1960s, this dot-loving lady has been renowned for her innovative and inspirational work.
+$20. Philip Karlberg
摄影师菲利普卡尔伯格+$'s assignments take him all over the world. Among his commercial clients are Swarovski, Marc O’Polo, Kasthall, and NK. In this project, Philip used around 1200 sticks over a six day period to create these striking celebrity portraits. The other subjects include Lady Gaga and Jackie O.