2019年最好的显卡

The best graphics cards: Nvidia Quadro P2000

正在寻找最好的显卡?我们可以帮忙。无论您更喜欢Nvidia的强大功能还是AMD的驱动稳定性,在这个列表中我们现在都选择了最好的显卡 - 适用于所有预算。

+$First, we'll explain a bit about graphics cards and what you need to know before you pick one. Already clued up?+$Jump straight to our ranking+$of the best graphics cards 2019, or see our Amazon黄金日交易下面。

图形卡(或GPU)在现代计算机中扮演两个角色。在游戏中,它们加速了3D视觉效果,所有引擎盖下的硬件功能用于确定帧速率和分辨率,以确定现代游戏中我们所期待的那些视觉效果,爆炸和烟火。

对于数字创意,包括图形艺术家,设计师,插图画家和3D专业人士,可以在诸如此类工具中使用相同的硬件Adobe Creative Suite+$(both Premiere and Photoshop), Blender, Maya and 3DS Max, to dramatically boost rendering times – at least in specific parts of the software, such as when applying certain plugins, filters and effects. A powerful graphics card can make a huge difference with some tools, and some effects can not even run on a CPU alone.

+$It's also worth noting that for each graphics card, there is a generic kind of reference model, which often isn’t for sale. Then each manufacturer (MSI, Asus, Gigabyte, and so on) will sell their own versions, which will all look slightly different.

+$The best graphics cards deals on Amazon Prime Day

+$Asus Dual GeForce RTX 2080 OC Edition:+$Was £889.30 now £619.99 @Amazon
+$Save £269.31:+$The graphics card is one of the most powerful GPUs available and today's the day to snap it up with a massive £269.31 off. It has 8GB GDDR6, two fans and and Nvidia's latest Turing tech, making it ideal for working with 4K or VR content.

 查看交易

+$Asus ROG Strix GeForce RTX 2060 Advanced Edition:+$Was £479.99 now £415.02 @Amazon
+$Save £64.97:
+$The graphics card is a step down from the one above, which means it's also cheaper. This 6 GB GDDR6 has a Nvidia Turing GPU Architecture and two patented wing fans to keep it cool.
查看交易

Quadro vs GeForce vs Radeon vs Radeon Pro

Nvidia和AMD生产两种大致针对游戏或设计用途的显卡。对于Nvidia来说,你可能已经知道了GeForce游戏品牌,而Quadro卡是专业人士用的,而AMD则是用于游戏的Radeons和用于创意软件的Radeon Pro。问题在于专业级卡的成本要高得多。

如果您的生活取决于您的设计工作,那么您应该关注的是Radeon Pro和Quadro卡

对于Quadros和Radeon Pros的更高价格,您可以获得与便宜得多的游戏卡中相同的硬件规格。它们是相同的底层设计,相同的架构和类似的规范,但有一些重要的差异。 Quadro和Radeon卡具有经过认证的驱动程序。这意味着他们已经过测试与特定软件的兼容性,在设计软件(在某些情况下)提供更好的性能,并且(据称)不太可能遇到问题。它们具有ECC内存以提高精度。有时它们以较低的时钟速度运行,这意味着它们具有较低的功率要求和较低的热量需求。

这些不是利基特征。如果您的生活取决于您的设计工作,您不关心游戏,并且想要绝对的可靠性,那就是您应该关注的Radeon Pro和Quadro卡。

你会发现另一个不同之处是如何制造这两类显卡。凭借游戏卡,Nvidia和AMD生产和销售参考设计,但其他一系列制造商,包括华硕,微星,Zotac,EVGA和蓝宝石,出售参考规格的变化 - 具有不同的冷却系统和更快的时钟速度,但一般始终是相同的核心设计。对于Quadro显卡,Nvidia与一家制造商--PNY合作 - 生产所有硬件。

跳到: 如何选择最好的显卡

行话破坏者

看看任何显卡评论,它将充满三个字母的缩略词,用于说明您可以期待的软件性能类型。但它可以让你想知道这些数字中的哪一个在现代显卡中很重要。

经常在评论和制造商中引用的关键规格是记忆(容量,带宽和速度)的数量核心(基本上是硬件的胆量)和卡的时钟速度(以MHz为单位)。这些规格在GPU代和不同层之间有所不同,而Nvidia和AMD卡中的内核则不尽相同。 Nvidia使用这个词Cuda核心AMD指的是它GCN核心。AMD和Nvidia之间的性能绝对无法通过暗示AMD卡的内核比Nvidia卡更多或更少来进行比较。

得到了那一切?现在我们选择现有的最好的显卡。

+$The best graphics cards: Creative Bloq's rankings

01. Nvidia GeForce RTX 2080

旗舰显卡

GPU核心:2,944 |基准时钟:1,515MHz |提升时钟:1,710MHz |GFLOPS:10,068 |记忆:8GB GDDR6 |内存带宽:448GB / S的

打包渲染打孔器
高级功能
昂贵

Nvidia的旗舰RTX 2080是市场上第一款2000系列图灵架构卡,也是第一款采用名称RTX而非GTX的卡,它反映了它支持实时光线跟踪的新技术。一些新游戏支持此功能 - 看起来很棒 - 但它还没有得到广泛使用。与前几代GeForce相比,这是硬件规格的全面飞跃,使RTX 2080成为首选。

正是这一飞跃使RTX 2080成为我们的首选。在这一代产品中,Nvidia除了推出用于光线追踪的新专用硬件RT内核和用于3D算法的Tensor内核外,还增加了GTX 1080的Cuda内核数量。 RTX 2080还使用了新的更高带宽的GDDR6内存,尽管它仍然保持在8GB,与GTX 1080一样。

在游戏中,您可以期望比上一代顶级显卡GTX 1080 Ti提高约50%的性能。在设计软件中,改进的应用程序性能意味着更好的Cuda和OpenGL加速 - 在某些测试中表现优于许多当前的Quadro模型,并增加了对Cuda 7.5的支持。

然而,爆炸性的互联网争论紧随Nvidia的定价宣布,RTX 2080在发布时的价格高于GTX 1080,因为它对钱包来说肯定很难。然而,现在购买RTX 2080是一项很好的投资 - 因为它在一段时间内不太可能被打败。

Best graphic cards: AMD Radeon VII

+$02. AMD Radeon VII

+$AMD’s new high-end card spells fierce competition for Nvidia

GPU核心:+$3,840 |基准时钟:+$1,400 |提升时钟:+$1,800 MHz |GFLOPS:+$13,824 |记忆:+$16GB HBM2 |+$Memory Bandwidth:+$1028GB/s

很好的表现;很好的绩效
+$16GB of fast, high-bandwidth memory
+$A bit hot and noisy
+$AMD means no CUDA or hardware ray tracing

最新的+$Radeon VII+$graphics card (codenamed Vega 20) aims at the high-end GPU market, breaking AMD’s tradition of simply offering better bang for the buck than Nvidia’s offerings. The Radeon VII is up there with the GeForce RTX 2070 in gaming, and is especially great for high-resolution creative work too, thanks to a massive 16GB of super-fast HBM2 memory and stellar OpenCL performance.

+$This new generation of AMD cards costs a bit more though, and most notably is a bit noisier and hotter than Nvidia’s offerings. It also lacks the hardware support for ray-tracing that the RTX cards have, which may be a decisive factor in a purchase decision, if you’re not swayed by the Radeon VII’s additional memory capacity.

Nvidia GeForce GTX 1660 Ti: best graphics cards

+$03. Nvidia GeForce GTX 1660 Ti

+$A modern mainstream card that replaces the GTX 1060

GPU核心:+$1,536 |基准时钟:+$1,500 |提升时钟:+$1,770 MHz |GFLOPS:+$4,608 |记忆:+$6GB GDDR6 |+$Memory Bandwidth:+$288GB/s

很实惠
+$Solid 1080 and 1440p performance
+$Not for 4K gaming
+$Modest Memory Bandwidth

+$With pricing and a specification that places the+$Geforce GTX 1660 Ti+$in the middle of the pack, this new Nvidia card will no doubt find its way into more affordable off-the-shelf PCs than the pricey, high-end RTX series, with capabilities that roughly sit between the (still impressive) GTX 1070 and GTX 1060.

+$It has 6GB of GDDR6 memory and a modest 1,536 Cuda cores, and is based on the newer 12nm Turning architecture of the RTX cards, but without the ray tracing hardware.

+$Capable of delivering excellent gaming performance at 1080p and 1440p, and plenty of grunt for accelerating plugins and filters in creative software, the GTX 1660 Ti is priced extremely well, and is being offered by some manufacturers (such as PNY) in an extra short design that can squeeze into tiny PCs.

Nvidia Quadro RTX 4000

+$(Image Credit: Nvidia)

+$04. Nvidia Quadro RTX 4000

+$The best all-round professional-grade graphics card

GPU核心:2,304 |基准时钟:+$1,005MHz |提升时钟:+$1,545 MHz |GFLOPS:+$7,100 |记忆:8GB GDDR6 |+$Memory Bandwidth:+$416 GB/s

+$Better for design than a GeForce card
+$Excellent with OpenCL and Cuda software
+$No good for gaming
+$Quite pricey for the spec

+$Nvidia Quadro RTX 4000+$is our top recommendation for a workstation-class graphics card at a (just about) affordable price, with excellent performance in design applications. It’s comes in a svelte single-slot design that helps it fit into small cases, and requires less power than a bulkier GeForce card

+$OpenCL and Cuda applications in particular absolutely fly on the new Turing architecture so the RTX 4000 will make a massive difference in when working with all kinds of creative software, plug-ins and filters, driving excellent performance when rendering images, 3D and video.

The best graphics cards: AMD Radeon RX 590

+$05. AMD Radeon RX 590

+$Now a mid-range card, the RX590 is excellent value

GPU核心:2,304 |基准时钟:+$1,469MHz |提升时钟:1,545MHz |GFLOPS:+$7,100 |记忆:8GB GDDR5 |+$Memory Bandwidth:+$256GB/s

物超所值
+$Great OpenCL Performance
+$Falls behind Nvidia in some tests
+$Cards can run loud under load

+$Now AMD has a new flagship top-end performer, the Radeon VII, the older+$RX590+$graphics card has dropped to approximate price points where it directly competes with Nvidia’s GeForce GTX 1060. But in many situations, the RX590 is a better purchase, outperforming the GTX 1060 in some some games and OpenCL processing. It has more memory, bandwidth and processing power, in some cases trading blows with Nvidia’s much pricier Pascal-based Quadros. Given its low price, that makes it well worth considering.

+$06. Nvidia GeForce RTX 2080 Ti

+$The fastest graphics card on the planet

GPU核心:4,352 |基准时钟:1,350MHz |提升时钟:1,545MHz |GFLOPS:13,448 |记忆:11GB GDDR6 |内存带宽:616GB / S的

+$Amazing For 3D
面向未来的潜力
非常贵

每一代,Nvidia都会发布其旗舰型号,然后是第二款类固醇增强型号,它的价格很高,实际上只是最热心的PC用户会考虑的。该RTX 2080 Ti现在是全球绝对最快的显卡--4,352个Cuda核心,几乎是香草RTX 2080的光线跟踪硬件的两倍,几乎是图形处理能力的两倍。

仅此卡的成本高于普通中端PC,但由于背后有一些严重的硬件,投资可能值得考虑,包括那些工作站兼作游戏PC的设计师 - 因为Cuda和OpenCL的性能已经跃升以及游戏性能。

+$07. AMD Radeon Pro WX8200

AMD有史以来最好的专业级GPU

GPU核心:3584 |基准时钟:1200MHz |提升时钟:1,500MHz |GFLOPS:10,075 |记忆:8GB HBM2 |内存带宽:512GB / S的

超过类似的Quadros
快速
没有Cuda的支持
昂贵

AMD刚刚推出了一款漂亮的新专业级显卡WX8200,为了窃取一些Nvidia的风头,将其更高等级的WX9100卡的性能带到一个可口的价格点(当然,相对于Radeon Pro和Quadro卡的普遍高得多的价格)。

它仍然基于当前的Vega架构,但具有3,584个内核,具有8GB的超快HBM2内存,可在特定测试中提供一些出色的性能。

根据您使用的工具,AMD卡可能会提供更好的性能。例如,完全依赖于Maya或Blender的3D动画师可能会因为选择AMD而不是Nvidia而受益,尽管我们建议进行一些进一步的研究,并在投资前考虑您的工作流程。 OpenCL应用程序与AMD显卡配合使用,WX8200绝对是目前AMD专业级卡的最佳选择。

Nvidia Quadro RTX 5000

+$(Image Credit: Nvidia)

+$08. Nvidia Quadro RTX 5000

+$A really powerful graphics card for creative software

GPU核心:+$3,072 |基准时钟:1,620MHz |提升时钟:+$1815MHz |GFLOPS:+$11,200 |记忆:+$16GB GDDR6 |内存带宽:+$448 GB/s

+$Monstrous levels of application rendering
+$Massively improved Cuda and OpenCL compute performance
非常贵

+$If you’re not interested in gaming, the Quadros are a better choice for creative software than GeForce cards. While the 8GB Quadro RTX 4000 (at number 7) is the best all-round affordable choice, the+$16GB Quadro RTX 5000+$packs in a lot more performance, and is aimed at ultra high-end users, willing to pay serious bucks for serious performance levels.

+$For that, you’re getting a lot more rendering power than the previous Pascal generation, driving Cuda and OpenCL applications to new levels, and leaving every other graphics card looking comparatively weak.

09. Nvidia Geforce GTX 1080 Ti

留意这款显卡的廉价优惠

GPU核心:3,584 |基准时钟:1,481MHz |提升时钟:1,582MHz |GFLOPS:11,340 |记忆:11GB GDDR5X |内存带宽:484.4GB / S的

提供真正的计算机打击
高端硬件
缺乏现代功能
不便宜

上一代的高端显卡仍在市场上销售Nvidia Geforce GTX 1080 Ti仍然在游戏中打出了一拳。自RTX 2080发布以来价格已经下降。这可能会使它成为更好的购买价值,因为它在性能上接近RTX 2080。

您可以保存一些bob,但要注意不会获得最新的规格或功能,例如光线跟踪的硬件支持,现在只有极少数游戏。

通过不选择最新一代的GeForce显卡,您可能会错过这些功能,但如果您的预算受到限制,那么沿着这条路线前进肯定意味着卓越的游戏和渲染性能,包括4K分辨率。

+$10. AMD Radeon RX 570 4GB

最有价值的显卡

GPU核心:2,048 |基准时钟:1,168MHz |提升时钟:1,244MHz |GFLOPS:5,095 |记忆:4GB GDDR5 |内存带宽:224GB / S的

性价比最高
与其他人相比较弱

在游戏显卡中选择AMD选项往往是为了获得更好的价值,这就解释了为什么AMD Radeon RX 570对于预算紧张的游戏玩家来说,这是最好的牌之一。

它轻松赢得了Nvidia的Geforce GTX 1050的性能之战,几乎与GTX 1060相比,价格相当低。只有4GB的内存,它可能会在超过1080p的分辨率下挣扎,但是这一类卡片无论如何都是高清分辨率的固态帧速率,而不是4K。

如何选择合适的显卡

+$There are some basic things to be considered when shopping around. A higher resolution you are working at (or gaming) needs more memory. If you intend to work with 4K resolution either on your screen or with larger textures, you need a graphics card with more memory. 8GB or more is now common on the higher tier cards.

卡的性能越快,更好的细节和更高级的图形效果,您将能够以更高的分辨率在游戏中打开。 60fps是流体性能的最佳选择,但如果你投资了144Hz的显示器,那么你的显卡就更难以跟上了。预计Nvidia 2000系列卡可以进行60fps,4K游戏或144fps,FullHD(1080p)游戏的短时间工作。

核心数确实决定了卡的整体渲染能力。这些价格和性能等级各不相同,从入门级100英镑卡到1000英镑以上的庞然大物。

图形卡的时钟速度被引用为基础数字和“GPU提升”。与Intel CPU上的Turbo模式类似,当显卡处于高负载时,它将以更高的时钟速度运行以获得更好的性能,直到达到预定的最大值,这是为了避免过热。

不要忘记还要考虑您使用的显示器,以及您购买的显卡的输出。所有现代图形卡仅使用数字视频输出,HDMI或DisplayPort(可以是小型方形miniDP连接器或大型D形连接器)。

对于4K或5K显示器,所有显卡现在至少支持DisplayPort 1.4和HDMI 2.0标准,这些标准提供60hZ刷新率所需的带宽 - 当较高分辨率显示器首次成为主流提议时,这对旧显卡来说是一个严重问题几年前。当8K显示器最终变得更加逼真时,同样的问题将再次出现。

最后,对于某些读者而言,显卡性能的最大区别在于该系列卡的硬件生成,始终代号为参考。 Nvidia在科学家之后命名它的卡片 - 帕斯卡,图灵等,而AMD更加模糊,Polaris和更新的Vega架构目前正在市场上销售。

Nvidia和AMD大致每两年生产一系列新的显卡(它有所不同),当新一代显卡出现时,它意味着提高所有技术领域的标准 - 更多核心,更多内存,更多带宽和更多功能,经常挤压进入上一代卡的相同功率和散热需求。

+$For the best possible performance and best future proofing, only ever look at the newest cards.

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