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最好的3D建模软件2019

+$The best 3D modelling software won't automatically make you a better artist – you’ll still need to hone those 3D skills. But when it comes to creating incredible artwork and animation, having the right 3D modelling software for your style, skill level and budget certainly helps.

+$Of course, what's right for you as a beginner or pro might not suit another artist. But whether you’re a 2D artist looking to up-skill, or a seasoned 3D pro looking to upgrade your existing tools, there's a program out there to suit you – and you’ll find it in this guide. You can help kick-start your creativity by downloading some自由纹理要么免费的3D模型

在此页面上,我们为您带来最优惠的3D建模软件;然后你会发现最好的免费3D建模软件

+$So how do you choose the right 3D modelling software? Well, there are some key considerations to bear in mind. Firstly, as a general rule, any kind of 3D work will require around 16GB RAM or more. Most of the 3D software applications here need roughly 5GB of disc space to install, but you need to take rendering into account too.

+$Also, if you're taking your digital art seriously, then investing in one of the+$best Graphics Cards+$, with a fast processor and a lot of memory is highly recommended. That way, you're much less likely to experience a lag when displaying complex 3D scenes.

继续阅读市场提供的最佳3D建模软件包......

最好的3D建模软件

3D modelling software: Maya

图片:Autodesk

01.玛雅

+$An industrial-strength powerhouse, with a price to match

成本:+$222/month, £1,782/year |定价模型:订阅|OS:+$Window 7 & 10; Apple macOS 10.11.x and above; Linux Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.3 and 7.5; Linux CentOS 7.3 and 7.5

令人难以置信的强大
+$Comprehensive CG Toolset
昂贵且难学
+$Overkill for many 3D artists

+$Ask any 3D artist to name the best 3D modelling software, and most will choose Autodesk Maya. Largely seen as the industry standard for CG, Autodesk Maya boasts an unrivalled range of tools and features. This hugely extensible app isn't for the faint-hearted: its toolset is hugely complex and takes time to learn. However, if you’re aiming to get a job in the animation or VFX industries, you’d be wise to use the same software that the likes of ILM, Pixar, DNEG and Framestore use.

+$Maya is great at modelling, texturing, lighting and rendering – its vast feature set includes particles, hair, solid body physics, cloth, fluid simulations and character animation. There’s a chance you may never touch some of its functionality, so you need to decide if it’s actually overkill for your specific needs.

+$This level of power also comes at a price – a subscription to Maya doesn't come cheap. But for those who have the time, skill and patience to master it, Maya has some of the best 3D tools around and is a sound investment.

想要开始使用Maya?我们选择了强大的力量玛雅教程将帮助您朝着正确的方向迈出一步。

The best 3D modelling software [Image: SideFX]

+$Image: SideFX

+$02. Houdini 17.5

+$The procedural power behind today’s movie and TV VFX

成本:+$$4,495/yr (Houdini FX), $1995/yr (Core), $269/yr (Indie) |定价模型:+$Perpetual And Rental |OS:+$Windows 7 SP1 and above; macOS 10.11 and above; Linux Ubuntu 14.04+; Linux Debian 8.0+; Linux CentOS 7+; Linux Open SUSE 13.2+; Linux mint 17.3+; Linux Fedora 21+

+$Industry-leading Procedural Software
+$Capable of incredible VFX simulations
免费版可用于磨练技能
+$Complex Node-based Workflow

+$Coming in second place in our guide to the best 3D modelling software is Houdini by SideFX. Widely used in the VFX industry for creating a range of amazing 3D imagery, Houdini's node-based procedural approach provides digital artists with an unprecedented level of power, flexibility and control. This nodal workflow isn’t to everyone’s liking, but Houdini also has more traditional tools for directly interacting with polygons on screen.

+$Like Maya, this level of power and non-standard workflow can be tricky to get to grips with. Fortunately, SideFX offers Houdini Apprentice, a free version of Houdini FX, which can be used by students, artists and hobbyists for personal non-commercial projects. The free version gives you access to virtually all of the features of the award-winning Houdini FX to develop your skills and for working on personal projects. The full-featured Houdini Indie also provides an affordable commercial option for small studios. See our review ofHoudini 17 Banshee了解更多信息。

The best 3D modelling software [Image: Maxon]

+$Image: Maxon

+$03. Cinema 4D R20

+$Brilliant 3D modelling software for beginners and pros alike

成本:+$Prime £670, Broadcast £1,235, Visualize £1,520, Studio £2,850 |定价模型:+$Perpetual And Rental |OS:+$Windows 7 SP1 and above; macOS 10.11.6 or 10.12.4 and above

浅学习曲线
+$Hugely extensible with plugins
+$Only the Studio version has all features
永久许可证昂贵

+$Maxon’s Cinema 4D has been around for many years and is highly regarded in the worlds of motion graphics, visualisation and illustration. It’s a professional, complex piece of software, known for its overall stability and for being the CG app with the easiest learning curve.

+$Cinema 4D enjoys a thriving community with a huge online library of tutorials and how-tos – not to mention training site Cineversity, to which you get free membership when you buy the app or pay for the annual Maxon service agreement (MSA).

+$C4D’s parametric modelling toolset is generally very good, and you can add even more functionality with a range of inexpensive plugins. The latest release also introduced volumetric modelling, which is perfect if you don't have the time or skillset to create smooth solid forms.

+$Perpetual licenses for C4D don’t come cheap, but you can always start with Prime and upgrade over time. Check out the trial version, which gives you 42 days to experiment for free. Maxon also offers short-term and student licenses at a reduced cost.

The best 3D modelling software [Image: Autodesk]

图片:Autodesk

+$04. Autodesk 3ds Max

+$The best 3D modelling software for Windows users

成本:+$222/mo, £1,782/yr |定价模型:订阅|OS:Microsoft Windows 7(SP1),Windows 8,Windows 8.1和Windows 10 Professional操作系统

比Maya更容易学习
+$Substantial feature set for modelling and VFX
仅限Windows
+$Recent updates have been underwhelming

+$3ds Max is Autodesk’s PC-only 3D computer graphics program, used for TV and feature film production and for architectural and product visualisation. Like its sister software Maya, 3ds Max boasts a very robust toolset for 3D modelling, not to mention fluid simulations, hair and fur, plus character rigging and animation.

+$It uses both direct manipulation and procedural modelling techniques, and a huge library of different modifiers makes the modelling process easier for new or intermediate 3D artists.

+$3ds Max offers a professional toolset and, unsurprisingly, comes with a professional price tag. However, students can get the software for free and a trial version is also available for 30 days.

The best 3D modelling software [Image: Modo]

+$Image: Foundry

05.莫多

+$A powerful and flexible 3D modelling, texturing and rendering toolset

成本:+$$1,799 Permanent License, $599/year |定价模型:+$Perpetual And Subscription |OS:+$macOS 10.12.x and above; Windows 7 and above; Linux RHEL and CentOS 7+

+$Excellent subdivision surface modeller
+$Impressive MeshFusion Boolean workflow
+$Some non-modelling tools feel underdeveloped

+$Borne out of the development team behind LightWave 3D, Modo has grown from a basic subdivision surface modeller to the fully-featured digital content creation app we know today. Its tools have been well thought through and implemented, making it very user-friendly, and when you throw in a really solid rendering system, it’s easy to see why Modo has grown in popularity.

+$With modelling at its core, Modo is one of the best apps out there for the creation of polygonal forms, using both direct tools and procedural techniques. The addition of the best-in-breed MeshFusion Boolean system simply extends its modelling repertoire.

+$Modo might lack the high-end dynamics and simulation tools you might find in a program like Maya, but it holds its own when it comes to creating stunning artwork, producing as good a 3D render as any other package currently available.

The best 3D modelling software [Image: Blender]

图片:搅拌机

+$06. Blender 2.8

+$A free, open source CG app software with professional-grade features

成本:免费|OS:+$Windows Vista and above; macOS 10.12 and above; Linux

自由!
+$Impressive Feature Set
+$Great Community Support
+$A little daunting at first

+$For CG artists on a budget, it doesn’t get any better than Blender, the free modelling, texturing, animation and rendering app. The long-awaited version 2.8 (due for launch July 2019) provides a modern, more consistent interface, plus high-quality viewport, real-time interactive rendering, and tons of fixes and features.

+$The open-source program has been around for a long time now, and subsequently has an army of artists, teachers and enthusiasts behind its continued development. It boasts a highly impressive 3D modelling and sculpting toolset, and is considered a completely viable alternative to paid modelling programs. Blender was notorious for its non-standard way of working, but 2.8 solves a lot of these issues, and so it will feel more familiar if you're moving from an existing app.

+$Blender is a brilliant starting point to see if 3D graphics are for you – and we have a host of fantastic搅拌机教程+$to get started with elsewhere on the site. Despite the non-existent price tag, it’s capable of producing images and animation that on a par with just about any other 3D modelling software on the market.

The best 3D modelling software [Image: Lightwave]

+$Image: NewTek

+$07. Lightwave 3D

+$Fully-featured And Production-proven

成本:+$$995 |定价模型:+$Perpetual |OS:+$Windows 7 and above; macOS 10.11 and above.10.8 or above

+$Complete modelling and animation suite
+$Really easy to get to grips with
+$Still works as two separate apps
+$Playing catch-up with competitors

+$LightWave was once the go-to app for TV sci-fi shows, but after a failed attempt to produce a modernised version, NewTek’s app lay fallow for several years. However it’s recently enjoyed something of a renaissance, and an updated version was introduced at the start of 2019.

+$Lightwave operates as two apps, Modeler – for building assets – and Layout for texturing, lighting, animation and rendering. A lot of the underlying toolset is quite old (although it’s had a lot of new features added in the last few years) but that doesn’t stop it from being a solid digital content creation suite, with lots of features and a fast interactive PBR renderer.

+$So ignore LightWave’s reputation: it’s a great 3D modelling app for learning the basics. You can try it for yourself with the 30-day free trial, while students can pick up a copy for just $195.

The best 3D modelling software [Image: ZBrush]

+$Image: Pixologic

+$08. ZBrush 2019

+$Market-leading sculpting software that’s ideal for 3D printing

成本:795美元|定价模型:许可证|OS:+$Windows Vista and above; macOS: 10.10 and above

+$Incredible Sculpting Toolset
+$Handles millions of polys with ease
很难学
+$Non-standard menus and UI
+$Needs a graphics tablet for best results

+$ZBrush is a standalone sculpting and modelling app that is best suited to the creation of organic forms – although recent updates have gradually improved its hard-surface abilities. It works in a non-standard fashion, with a workflow and user interface that’s initially very hard to learn, so you really need to get ZBrush and use it every day to become proficient.

+$However, ZBrush isn’t only for sculpting and modelling: it can also be used to create UV maps and paint textures, enabling seasoned artists to craft entire figures, with clothing and props, ready for rendering. ZBrush is a popular choice among artists wanting to 3D print toys and action figures, too, with tools specifically aimed at 3D printing. For more infomation, take a look at ourZBrush 2019年评论

The best 3D modelling software [Image: 3DCoat]

+$Image: Pilgway

+$09. 3DCoat 4.8

+$Left-field sculpting app that continues to grow in stature

成本:+$Amateur $99; Professional $379 |定价模型:+$Perpetual |OS:+$Windows Vista and above; Mac OSX: 10.7 and above; Linux

+$Excellent Sculpting Toolset
+$Easy UV mapping and texturing
+$Slightly Unusual Interface
+$Needs a graphics tablet for best results

+$The biggest direct competitor to ZBrush is 3DCoat, from Ukrainian developer Pilgway. 3DCoat arrived on the scene as a voxel-based digital sculpting app, but has grown over time, adding UV mapping, texture painting, retopology tools, Substance Painter-like smart materials, PBR rendering and more.

+$From its niche beginnings in 2007, 3DCoat is now in use in game dev studios around the world, and continues to grow and expand its feature set.

+$Next page: The best free 3D modelling software



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