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艺术家和设计师最好的机械铅笔

Best mechanical pencils


+$In this article, we're going to walk through the best mechanical pencils available right now. We'll start by explaining exactly what a mechanical pencil is and what to look for when choosing one, before running through our picks for the最好的机械铅笔绘图并为写作+$. Not sure if you're after a mechanical pencil or not? Take a look at our more general list of the最好的铅笔现在就到了。

+$Whether you're a traditional artist looking for different type of pencil for your toolkit, a web designer looking for a precise pencil for sketching wireframes, or any kind of creative seeking a neat way to take notes, a mechanical pencil could be the answer.

+$Mechanical pencils have been around for years, and there are many models that cater specifically to artists and designers who will be holding them all day. For those of you not in the know, a mechanical pencil is one you don’t have to sharpen. That's because the graphite, or lead, is not bonded to the outer casing, as in a traditional wooden pencil. Instead, you pop your lead into a well built into the pencil, and click to extend it as you wear it down.

机械铅笔的好处

+$When the lead runs out on a mechanical pencil, you just insert a new one. This not only saves you a lot of hassle and mess, it also means mechanical pencils can provide more consistent lines, enabling you to create more precise drawings and neater handwritten notes. That makes them the obvious choice for technical draftsmanship, of course, but that’s not all they're good for.

+$Many artists prefer using a mechanical pencil even for more expressive and imaginative work, because a mechanical pencil's size and weight remains consistent, whereas a wood pencil gets finer the more you sharpen it. The finer lines lines produced are usually easier to erase.

+$Finally, whether you’re using a pencil for writing or drawing, mechanical pencils are typically more cost-effective in the long run, because you only need to replace the lead once it has run out, not the whole pencil. And it's also convenient not to have to tout around a sharpener with you at all times.

+$How to choose the best mechanical pencil

+$There is a wide range of options on the market, and so there are certain things to consider when choosing the best mechanical pencil for you.

+$The first is the+$diameter of the lead+$you wish to use. If you wish to draw very fine lines, you’ll want to go for a 0.3mm lead. For writing and most drawing, you’ll probably prefer a 0.5mm lead. A thicker, 0.7mm lead, meanwhile, may be better for sketching and non-detailed drawing. Other sizes are also available for specialist uses.

+$Another consideration is the+$hardness of the lead+$. A soft lead will be darker and more prone to smudging, while a hard lead is better for leaving light, fine lines. Softness is represented by a number followed by ‘B’; the higher the number, the softer the lead. Hardness is represented by a number followed by ‘H’; the higher the number, the harder the lead. Finally, ‘F’ and ‘HB’ leads lie in the middle.

+$Also think about the+$mechanism+$used to extend the lead. The three most common mechanisms are a push-button, which may be on the side or the top of the pencil; a twist operation, which is more often seen in older models; and a 'shake' advance.

+$Weight is also important, as is+$grip+$: some pencils have special features, such as a bumpy texture, to improve this and make your mechanical pencil more ergonomic.

绘图的机械铅笔

最好的机械铅笔绘图

+$Whether you use them for quick sketches, technical draftsmanship or completed artworks, mechanical pencils have a lot to offer. Here we present our pick of the best mechanical pencils for drawing purposes. While you're here, you might also want to check out our top铅笔画技法+$, to help you make the most of your purchase.

Uni Kurutoga Pipe Slide 0.5mm

01. Uni Kurutoga管道滑动0.5mm

用于绘制整体的最佳机械铅笔

重量:18.1g |外形尺寸:19.2 X 10 X 1.6cm |引线直径:0.5mm |机制:管道滑道

自锐
Ghibli粉丝的特别版
0.7mm铅笔在日本以外很少见
保护帽可能松动

我们挑选最好的自动铅笔用于绘图Uni Kurutoga管道滑道+$. There's one big difference that sets this pencil apart from its rivals: when you use a regular mechanical pencil, the lead wears down on one side, forming a slanted, wedge-shaped tip. This can potentially cause variations in line thickness as you draw. The Kura Toga avoids this through a clever mechanism that continually rotates the pencil lead as you write.

每次从纸上拿起铅笔时,弹簧式离合器都会将引线扭转很小的程度,这样可以使引线均匀磨损,从而使线条更清晰,更一致。

漫画家和设计师杰森李+$is among the Kurutoga's many fans. "It's been my mechanical pencil of choice for several years running," he enthuses. "I use it for drawing, sketching things out, and taking notes. I love the mechanism that sharpens the lead as it turns, the (emergency) eraser hidden under its case."

The Pentel 200 mechanical pencil

02. Pentel 200

+$The best cheap mechanical pencil

重量:10g |外形尺寸:0.89 X 14 X 0.89cm |引线直径:0.5mm |机制:按钮顶部

廉价
好多面手
没什么好激动的
包含的橡皮擦不会持续很长时间

+$You don't have to spend a lot of money to get a good mechanical pencil. There are some excellent models out there that are surprisingly cheap, and our favourite budget-friendly model has to be the+$Pentel 200+$. Cheap enough that you don't have to worry if you lose it (or someone walks off with it), these are a great option as a backup mechanical pencil, but good enough to be your main option if you want.

+$"The Pentel 200 is a good, solid choice," says freelance illustrator西蒙惠特克+$, who tends to use them for general sketching. "It's only a couple of quid, they last ages, and they're really nice to hold and draw with. They're like the Jotter of mechanical pencils; a good all-rounder."

+$Art director and animation concept artistIzzy Burton+$is also a Pentel fan; she favours the0.7毫米版本+$. The brand originally came to her attention on social media. "I saw a lot of artists on Instagram using Pentel for their drawings and they all recommended it in their FAQs," she recalls. "I use it for precise and finished work, or work that’s on a small scale."

The Rotring 800 mechanical pencil

03. Rotring 800

最好的豪华机械铅笔

重量:90.7克|外形尺寸:5.1 X 15.2 X 0.5cm |引线直径:0.5mm |机制:扭转并单击

高端工程
奢华的感觉
昂贵
对于大多数目的而言可能有点过分

+$We've established that you don't need to spend a fortune to get a decent mechanical pen for drawing. But what if you want to splash out, and buy something really special? In this case, we'd highly recommend the+$Rotring 800+$. This top-of-the-range model is infused with high-quality engineering and aimed at serious artists or draughtsmen.

+$With a good weight (almost 91g), the metal body feels solid in the hand. And the non-slip metal grip 'twist and click' retractable mechanism means it's very easy and comfortable to use, even over lengthy sessions. Its hexagonal shape also makes it less likely to slide off your desk, or even a slanted surface. In short, if you're working on something special, working for long periods, looking for a gift, or just want a pencil that's super-nice to use, the Rotring 800 ticks our boxes.

Pentel Graphgear 500 Automatic Drafting Pencil

04. Pentel Graphgear 500自动绘图铅笔

技术绘图最好的自动铅笔

重量:22.7克|外形尺寸:0.9 X 14.7 X 0.9cm |引线直径:0.3,0.5,0.7或0.9mm |机制:按键

轻巧但功能齐全
多种引线直径
0.3毫米铅可能是棘手的来源
包括橡皮擦不是最好的

具有4毫米固定套筒,用于模板工作和技术图纸Pentel Graphgear 500+$is the perfect pencil for technical drawing. With its metallic-mesh grip and a barrel weighted at your fingertips, it's designed to help you draw precisely and stay in full control of the line.

+$It works with a variety of lead thicknesses, and there's also a built-in lead hardness indicator to help you identify your lead type quickly and easily. The weight feels good in the hand, and it's light enough to make it comfortable to use over long sessions. In short, this is the best mechanical pencil for drafting and precision work, and it comes at a very affordable price.

写作的机械铅笔

最好的机械铅笔写作

+$If you primarily want to use your mechanical pencil for writing, then among your main considerations will be comfort; no one wants an aching hand after a long stretch of writing. But as with drawing, you'll also want your writing to look nice, and that demands a pencil that can produce clean, consistent lines. Here are the four best mechanical pencils for writing.

The LAMY 2000 mechanical pencil

05. LAMY 2000

用于整体书写的最好的自动铅笔

重量:18.1g |外形尺寸:1.2 X 1.2 X 13.7cm |引线直径:0.5或0.7mm |机制:按键

产生流畅,美丽的线条
非常耐用
昂贵
出于某些目的可能有点矫枉过正

如果你想用自动铅笔写字,那么我们会推荐LAMY 2000+$. Based on the well-known fountain pen of the same name, designed by Gerd A. Müller in 1996, this is nothing less than a modern classic. It's light enough to be flexible, but solid enough to feel dependable. It's comfortable to hold and use, and produces smooth, consistent handwriting. And its build quality is also noticeably impressive; this is a pen that you can expect to last for years.

+$Its makers instead focused on doing one thing, and doing it well. The LAMY 2000 is, in short, a delightful pen to use for writing, as well as being supremely reliable and durable. And while it might cost a bit more than rivals, it's certainly a case of getting what you pay for.

The Uni Kurutoga Roulette mechanical pencil

06. Uni Kurutoga轮盘赌

用于书写的最佳价值机械铅笔

重量:13.6克|外形尺寸:0.99 X 14.62 X 1.29cm |引线直径:0.7毫米|机制:按键

自锐
低价
包括橡皮擦不是很好
重量轻于LAMY 2000

Uni Kurutoga轮盘赌+$comes in at a surprisingly low price given its high quality, making it the best value mechanical pencil we've found for writing. This pencil is comfortable to hold, with a nicely balanced weight and a knurled metal fingerplate for better grip. Its clever design, matching that of the Uni Kurutoga Pipe Slide (our number one mechanical pencil for drawing, above), means that it sharpens the lead as you write. As with its sibling, that means you get a super-even stroke width that helps make your handwriting neat, polished and attractive.

The American Classic mechanical pencil

07.美国经典机械铅笔0.9毫米

用于书写的最耐用的自动铅笔

重量:7.8g |外形尺寸:15.24 X 5.84 X 1.78cm |引线直径:0.9毫米|机制:按键

值得信赖的品牌
超级坚韧的领先优势
昂贵
包括橡皮擦不是很好

+$This Model From+$American Classic+$is a little pricey. But if you want a mechanical pencil for writing you can truly rely on, this has a lot to recommend it. Popular for decades amongst the armed forces and public institutions of the US, the American has a strong reputation for its reliability, durability and clean lines. The thick 0.9mm lead is also super-tough and rarely breaks. So long as you take proper care of it, this should last a lifetime, which puts the slightly higher cost into perspective.

The Pentel Sharp Kerry Mechanical Pencil

08. Pentel Sharp Kerry机械铅笔0.5mm

专业写作的最好的自动铅笔

重量:9.07g |外形尺寸:1.9 X 3.2 X 15.2cm |引线直径:0.5mm |机制:按键

精密工程
铅很少会破裂
高价
铅笔帽不适合完美

+$Handcrafted using watchmakers' tools for precision, beauty and accuracy, the+$Pentel Sharp Kerry Mechanical Pencil 0.5mm+$is another quite pricey, but very high-end mechanical pencil. The tip of the pencil is solid and well-made, which means that breakage of the lead is a rare occurrence. The removable cap makes it super-portable. This mechanical pencil has been in production for many years now, for one good reason: its impressive consistency and quality. That makes it an excellent choice for anyone wishing to produce professional looking writing.

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