2019年最适合初学者使用的相机

+$Welcome to Creative Bloq's guide to the best cameras for beginners. You can snap your way through life with a smartphone, but for capturing images that really stand out, a proper camera is simply the best tool for the job. The bigger decision is what sort of camera you should go for; the market is extensive and varied, and if you're just getting started you don't want to fork out for the wrong model.

+$This article guides you through the best cameras for beginners. All of our picks are suited to photography novices but will grow with you as you improve.

+$Already got some photography skills? Check our roundup for what we consider the最好的相机+$for all levels to be. And while you're getting kitted out, why not explore our guides to the+$best Memory Cards+$best Camera Bags

+$What's the best type of camera for beginners?

+$Let's start with some tips on what features you should be looking for when hunting out the best camera for beginners. For simplicity and portability, there’s a lot to be said for a small傻瓜相机你可以把它放进你的日常包里,甚至是一个备用口袋。大多数型号都具有可观的变焦范围和内置闪光灯,而有些则增加了取景器,有助于在明亮的阳光下拍摄。

+$A more versatile option is a 'system' camera with a separate body and interchangeable lenses. With two or three lenses you can shoot anything from portraiture and still life, to action sports and wildlife, or sweeping landscapes and architecture, getting great results every time.

+$They start small, with mirrorless compact system cameras, whereas DSLRs tend to be more of a handful. That can be a good thing, as they often feel more comfortable and natural in the hand, and the reflex mirror gives you an unadulterated ‘through the lens’ image of what you’re shooting, via an optical viewfinder.

+$The problem with camera kits with multiple lenses is that you're more likely to leave them at home, guaranteeing that you’ll miss out on photo opportunities. They also have a steeper learning curve, so they're only a good choice if you're serious about learning photography.

+$Our pick of the best beginners' cameras includes some smart compact cameras with fixed lenses, as well as the best-buy DSLRs and mirrorless system cameras. Let's get started.

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+$01. Nikon D3500

+$The best all-round camera for beginners

类型:数码单反相机|传感器:APS-C |百万像素:24.2MP |屏幕:3.0英寸,921k,固定|取景器:Pentamirror |镜头(有效):27-82.5mm |连拍速度:5fps |最高视频分辨率:1080

保持一切简单
+$Built-in Photography Tutor
良好的全方位表现
相当昂贵的基本数码单反相机
缺乏自定义设置

启动和运行它特别容易尼康D3500。除了“智能”全自动模式外,还有广泛的场景模式和效果可供选择。更独特的是,有一个指南拍摄模式,作为一种互动摄影课程。高品质的24.2MP图像传感器和处理器,宽大的ISO(灵敏度)范围,5fps的最高突发速率和高分辨率LCD屏幕也不乏质量。

但是,它不是触摸屏,缺乏倾斜或枢轴设施。另一个缺点是自动对焦在实时取景和电影捕捉模式下相对较慢,但总体而言,D3500目前是市场上最吸引人的初学者相机。

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+$02. Canon EOS 4000D

+$This super-cheap DSLR kit is the best budget beginners' camera

类型:数码单反相机|传感器:APS-C |百万像素:18MP |屏幕:2.7英寸,230k,固定|取景器:Pentamirror |镜头(有效):28.8-88mm |连拍速度:3fps |最高视频分辨率:1080

质优价廉
处理不错
低分辨率后屏幕
缓慢的爆发率

尽管配备相机机身和变焦镜头的数码单反相机套件非常便宜,但是4000D能够提供可爱的图像质量。全自动模式包含实时“智能”场景分析,并有大量的场景模式和创意过滤器可供选择。内置功能指南和Creative Auto拍摄模式有助于缩小基本模式和更高级模式之间的差距。

如需额外指导,佳能还提供Photo Companion应用程序,您可以下载Android或iOS。总的来说,4000D是物有所值但是套件镜头不具有光学稳定性,连续拍摄速度相当于行人,后屏幕相对较小且分辨率较低。

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+$03. Canon EOS 250D

+$All the DSLR advantages for stills, plus 4k video

类型:数码单反相机|传感器:APS-C |百万像素:+$24.1MP |屏幕:3.0英寸,1,040k,枢轴,触摸|取景器:Pentamirror |镜头(有效):28.8-88mm |连拍速度:5fps |最高视频分辨率:4K

+$Compact and lightweight for a DSLR
+$Great for movies as well as stills
+$Pricier than most beginners' DSLRs
+$Fairly basic main autofocus system

+$Canon EOS 250D+$is the first entry-level DSLR to feature 4k movie capture, and it replaces the popular EOS 200D in Canon’s lineup. Indeed, the Dual Pixel CMOS autofocus system for live view and movie modes, inherited from its predecessor, makes the camera particularly good for tracking action when shooting video. The virtually silent autofocus performance of the 18-55mm kit lens is a further bonus.

+$Not just for video, the 250D is a very accomplished package for stills. It's beginner-friendly with optional Guided User Interface and Creative Assist modes, which work seamlessly with the fully articulated touchscreen. The camera is also well able to grow with you as you learn new skills and techniques, Canon’s excellent Quick menu giving intuitive and instant access to important settings.

+$One of the most compact and lightweight DSLRs on the market, the 250D is a camera you can take anywhere and everywhere. Our only real criticism is that, in viewfinder-based stills shooting rather than live view mode, the autofocus system is fairly basic. There are only nine AF points and only one of them is cross-type, able to resolve detail in both horizontal and vertical planes.

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+$04. Fujifilm X-T100

+$Great performance makes this the best mirrorless beginners' camera

类型:CSC |传感器:APS-C |百万像素:24.2MP |屏幕:3.0英寸,1,040k倾斜,触摸|取景器:电子,2,360k |镜头(有效):22.5-67.5mm |连拍速度:6fps |最高视频分辨率:4K

简单但高效
小巧轻便,时尚
比一些无反光镜相机更贵
4k电影的帧速率慢

完美无瑕地选择了黑色,深银色或香槟金色Fujifilm X-T100是Fujifilm最新的紧凑型系统相机之一。令人印象深刻的功能包括全方位的高分辨率刺激,从24.2MP APS-C图像传感器到1,040k 3向倾斜触摸屏和2,360k电子取景器。菜单上还有4k UHD电影捕捉,但它仅限于令人失望的15fps帧速率。

其他亮点包括智能场景分析和智能混合自动对焦,它结合了相位检测和对比度检测,可实现快速而一致的精确性能。 15-45mm套件镜头也是一种乐趣,可提供非常好的图像质量,同时增加光学图像稳定和电动变焦功能,可在拍摄电影时实现平滑的焦距转换。

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+$05. Panasonic Lumix DMC-GX80

+$A smart choice for both video and stills

类型:CSC |传感器:四分之三|百万像素:16.0MP |屏幕:3.0英寸,1,040k,倾斜,触摸|取景器:+$Electronic, 2,765k |镜头(有效):24-64mm |连拍速度:8fps |最高视频分辨率:4K

+$Good for stills and 4k movie capture
+$High-res Electronic Viewfinder
+$Tilting rather than fully articulated touchscreen
相对较低的16MP静止分辨率

+$Mirrorless System Camera+$Panasonic Lumix DMC-GX80+$is small and slim (especially when fitted with its retractable 12-32mm kit lens), but still features a high-res electronic viewfinder as well as a tilting touchscreen. Typical of Micro Four Thirds cameras, it doesn’t boast a particularly high megapixel count for stills. Like most Panasonic cameras, however, it’s particularly well suited to video capture, making it a great choice if you’re planning to shoot both stills and video.

+$Beginner-friendly, the GX80 is competitively priced and features a clear and simple interface. The Light Speed AF system delivers fast and accurate autofocus. Panasonic’s Post Focus feature is also on hand, effectively enabling you to adjust the focus position after shooting.

+$Dual image stabilisation combines optical correction for stills with 5-axis sensor-shift stabilization for movie capture. And when you need to nail the definitive moment in an action sequence, you can shoot in 4k burst mode at 30fps and extract an 8MP image.

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+$06. Olympus OM-D E-M10 Mk III

+$The best beginners' camera for travel, Olympus has it in the bag with this compact system model

类型:CSC |传感器:四分之三|百万像素:16.1MP |屏幕:3.0英寸1,040k倾斜触摸|取景器:电子2,360k |镜头(有效):28-84mm |连拍速度:8.6fps |最高视频分辨率:4K

适合旅行的尺寸和重量
漂亮的电子取景器和倾斜屏幕
+$Quite modest 16.1MP stills resolution
自动对焦可能有点迟钝

+$One of the upsides of Micro Four Thirds mirrorless system cameras is that they tend to be fairly small and lightweight. That’s certainly true of the+$Olympus E-M10+$, which is now in its third generation. Although small, it’s impeccably well built and beautifully turned out with classic retro styling. The 14-42mm EZ kit lens is similarly small, with a retractable design that enables compact stowage.

即便如此,它还具有内置电机,可在视频捕捉过程中实现平滑变焦。静止图像的最大突发速率是一个快速的8.6fps,虽然自动对焦可能比许多竞争相机慢一点,这使得跟随快速移动动作变得棘手。 4k UHD电影捕捉是一个奖励。

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+$07. Nikon D5600

+$The best beginners’ camera for wildlife, this is also a top choice for action and sports

类型:数码单反相机|传感器:APS-C |百万像素:24.2MP |屏幕:3.2英寸,1,040k,枢轴,触摸|取景器:Pentamirror |镜头(有效):27-210mm |连拍速度:5fps |最高视频分辨率:1080

先进的39点自动对焦
全铰接式触摸屏
实时取景和电影的自动对焦速度较慢
+$Less beginner-friendly than D3500

非常适合追随体育和野生动物摄影的行动尼康D5600拥有先进的39点自动对焦系统,拥有自动区域,动态区域和3D跟踪模式。可选的18-140mm VR套件镜头也特别适用于这些类型的摄影,具有27-210mm的“有效”变焦范围和称职的减震(光学图像稳定)系统。当你需要徒步到乡下拍摄野生动物,或者在体育赛事中长时间站立时,D5600不会让你失望,因为它是市场上最轻巧,最紧凑的数码单反相机之一。

完全铰接式触摸屏是额外的奖励,但对于实时取景和视频捕捉,基于传感器的对比度检测自动对焦设施可能会非常缓慢。

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+$08. Panasonic LUMIX DMC-TZ100

+$The best beginners’ compact camera, this pocketable compact shoehorns a lot in

类型:紧凑|传感器:1.0型|百万像素:20.1MP |屏幕:3.0英寸1,240k,触摸|取景器:电子,1,166k |镜头(有效):25-250mm |连拍速度:10fps(4k 30fps)|最高视频分辨率:4K

+$Feature-rich at a friendly price
1.0型图像传感器和10倍变焦范围
触摸屏没有倾斜或枢轴设施
缺乏纹理抓握表面

对于这么小的相机,松下TZ100包装在一些严重的规格和功能。它有一个20.1MP 1.0型传感器,对于小型相机而言体积很大,即使在高ISO设置下也能保持相对无噪声的图像质量。它还采用电子取景器和高分辨率3.0英寸后屏幕,以及有效范围为25-250mm的10倍变焦镜头。

为了保持稳定,静止图像的光学图像稳定和视频拍摄的5轴混合稳定。您还可以以静音和视频的4k UHD拍摄,帧速率最高可达30fps。对于全分辨率静止图像,突发速率仍然是10fps的快速速度。

聪明的技巧包括'后对焦',它可以让你捕捉一连串的静止图像,自动转换焦距,然后选择具有理想焦点的帧。

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+$09. Sony HX400V

+$The best beginners’ bridge camera packs a whopping 50x zoom range

类型:桥|传感器:1 / 2.3型|百万像素:20.4MP |屏幕:3.0英寸,922k,倾斜|取景器:电子,201k |镜头(有效):25-500mm |连拍速度:10fps |最高视频分辨率:1080

强大的变焦范围
有竞争力的价格
+$Low-res Viewfinder
没有触摸屏

典型的桥式摄像机,+$Sony DSC-HX400V有一个固定而不是可互换的镜头,但其外形比紧凑型相机更像DSLR。它确实很有意义,因为如果没有对相机的舒适和自然的抓握,很难处理大到25-500mm的有效变焦范围,特别是当你试图在长焦端保持稳定时。

索尼在拍摄速度方面毫不逊色,最大突发速率为10fps。虽然1 / 2.3型图像传感器体积小,但它拥有2040万像素,3.0英寸倾斜屏幕具有922k的高分辨率。然而,它不是触摸屏,电子取景器的分辨率相对令人失望,只有201k像素。

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+$10. Olympus Stylus Tough TG5

+$The best beginners’ underwater camera, this compact Olympus is for the adventurous

类型:紧凑|传感器:1 / 2.3英寸|百万像素:12.0MP |屏幕:3.0英寸460k |取景器:没有|镜头(有效):25-100mm |连拍速度:20fps |最高视频分辨率:4K

相机的所有动作英雄
4倍变焦镜头和20fps驱动器
在高ISO设置下噪声图像质量
相当昂贵的“坚韧”紧凑型

就像市场上其他“坚固”的小型相机一样奥林巴斯Tough TG-5旨在采取敲门声。它可以承受水深15米,从2.1米的高度下降到-10摄氏度。如果你感觉特别卑鄙,你甚至可以尝试用100公斤的重量来压碎它,它仍然会继续工作。

总而言之,它是一款出色的相机,适用于从山上滑雪到海上浮潜的各种活动。最大突发速率是一个类似动作的20fps,你也可以捕获4k UHD电影。 4倍光学变焦镜头增加了多功能性,内置的微距和微观模式也是如此。更进一步,一系列可选配件包括鱼眼镜头和远摄镜头转换器。

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