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+$Acrylic painting techniques: Expert tips for artists

Acrylic painting techniques

+$Want to get started with acrylics? This article reveals the key acrylic painting techniques you should know. Acrylics are fast drying paints that can be used straight from a tube, like oil paints, or can be thinned with water, like watercolour. They are extremely versatile and vibrant, offering the artist a wide range of textures, colours and consistencies. (After more general advice? See our article on绘画技巧+$instead.)

丙烯酸树脂也很实惠,非常适合用油漆覆盖大面积区域。因为这些涂料是不透明和快速干燥的,所以它们非常宽容,可以让你用更多的油漆掩盖错误。它们几乎可以涂在任何物体上并干燥成防水表面。虽然您需要了解它们干燥的速度,但丙烯酸树脂可以很好地混合。

+$The heavy body colour of acrylics is buttery and smooth, blending on the canvas almost like oils. Because they basically dry into a plastic surface, they are ideal for using in multimedia painting as well. All of these unique properties mean that you'll need to brush up on your acrylic painting techniques before you get started.

+$Read on for everything you need to know. We'll begin with the kit you need, then introduce some simple acrylic painting techniques such as mixing and misting, to help you get used to working with this wonderfully versatile and rewarding medium.

+$Acrylic brushes: A quick guide

Acrylic painting: Brushes

从小到大都有各种各样的刷子是很重要的

+$We'll begin by introducing four key brush shapes that will be useful in your journey into acrylic painting, and exploring what each shape can be used for. Acrylic brushes tend to be made from synthetic materials and can be used with a variety of mediums. You should not use oil or watercolour brushes for acrylic painting.

+$It's important to have a good variety of brushes, ranging from small to large. You'll soon learn which you're more comfortable with, but these four are some of the more common shapes you'll encounter. The Filbert brush is a great all-purpose brush that can offer a straight or rounded shape.

+$Acrylic paints: What types are there?

Acrylic painting: Paints

尝试各种涂料品牌,看看你最喜欢哪一个

+$Here we're using golden acrylics, which have a buttery texture and can to hold up to a lot of water. These are considered 'Heavy Body Acrylics'. We'd encourage you to experiment with a variety of brands to see which one you enjoy acrylic painting with the most – everyone has their favourite type and brand. Acrylic paint is essentially plastic; more specifically, pigment suspended in a polymer emulsion. You can break that emulsion with too much water, so take care when thinning it out.

+$The acrylic painting techniques in this article can be put into practice with any heavy body acrylic paint, student or professional grade.

+$How to mix acrylic paints

Acrylic painting: Mixing

混合涂料是一个精确的过程

混合涂料是一个精确的过程。在这里了解您的色轮是很好的,因为您在工作时会混合非常特定的颜色。红色和黄色可以组合成各种橙子。添加一些绿色,你会得到棕色和烧焦的umbers。丙烯酸涂料使用调色刀,塑料刀,甚至额外的刷子是理想的选择。彻底混合,并记住一些油漆可以干燥稍微阴暗。

+$Need a refresher? See our guide to色彩理论

+$Misting: How to stop acrylics from drying out

Acrylic painting: Misting

保持涂料易湿的一种方法是用水雾化它们

丙烯酸干燥很快 - 有时太快。保持油漆容易湿润的一种方法是在丙烯酸涂料时用水雾化它们。您可以在硬件或园艺商店购买园艺用品。根据您正在绘画的表面,您可以将丙烯酸树脂浇水到足以使其几乎像水彩画。这可能是一个有价值的技巧,可以快速进入下面的绘画开始。

+$Using gesso as a base

Acrylic painting: Gesso

Gesso是一种白色涂料混合物,用作丙烯酸和油的研磨剂

Gesso是一种白色涂料混合物,用作丙烯酸涂料和油的研磨剂。亚麻被拉伸为帆布,然后涂上石膏,以提供更光滑和更耐用的表面,以便油漆推动。丙烯酸石膏与传统石膏略有不同,因为它含有乳胶。您还可以使用gesso在要应用的绘制下创建纹理。

+$Glazing: How to seal acrylic paintings

Acrylic painting: Glazing

上釉是密封铅笔素描绘画的好方法

+$Glazing is a great way to seal pencil sketches to paint over. Using a gel medium is the best and most even way to achieve a glaze. Start by selecting the colour you'd like to glaze with, in this case green. Then mix a bit of gel medium and paint together with just a little mist of water to loosen it all up. Once it's an even mixture, apply the glaze over these black strokes.

+$Blending With Acrylics

Acrylic painting: Blending

湿润湿润是混合的最佳方式

+$Blending is one of the trickier acrylic painting techniques to master. First, paint in a layer of white then using a filbert brush, add in your colour (here we're using blue) along the bottom of the area you want blended. Stroke back and forth, rapidly up and down the area, until you get a nice gradient from your colour to white. Working wet into wet is the best way to blend. You can also dry blend by laying in colour, letting it dry then dry brushing another colour over it.

+$Use wet in wet and over dry to build texture

Acrylic painting: Wet in wet and over dry to build texture

当下面的颜色或表面干燥时使用此技术

+$It's best to use this technique when the colour or surface underneath is dry. Start by loading up your brush (here with a deep purple), and paint a shape into the dry background (here orange). From there you can drag out the other side of the stroke to feather it into the canvas and paint below. You can see that acrylics have an incredible amount of control and will stay put pretty much wherever you put them.

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