+$The world's most famous buildings can be a great source of inspiration for designers and artists. Whether it's the structural shapes, unique design concept or decorative details, buildings can provide ample inspiration for design projects of all kinds. Tourists travel the globe to seek out unique or historical architecture, and often visiting a famous building is one of the most memorable parts of a trip abroad.

+$A country's most famous buildings can tell us a lot about its way of life and the culture during the period when it was built; a bit like looking at a historical photograph. But unlike a photo, buildings continue to change after construction is finished. The usual wear and tear demands renovation and the changing tastes of society have their own impact on the design and functionality of a building.

+$In this article, we've rounded up some most incredible famous buildings for you to marvel at – these structures are amongst the+$most Instagrammable Places+$in the world. You might want to plan visiting a few of them on your next trip. If so, make sure you brush up on your摄影技巧+$before you go, or perhaps try some of our top草绘技巧+$so you can bring your own version home with you.

+$01. Sagrada Familia, Barcelona


+$(Image credit: Lucas Neves on Unsplash)

+$(Image credit: Diego Gennaro on Unsplash)

+$Work started on Antoni Gaudí's Sagrada Familia in 1882, but Barcelona's most famous basilica is probably best known for not being finished – over 130 years later, the temple is still just 70 per cent complete. It has also only recently been issued a proper permit for construction, and is expected to be finished in 2026. Even while it's still under construction, this magnificent gothic building is well worth a visit.

+$02. Notre Dame, Paris

+$The Notre Dame de Paris has long been one of the world's most celebrated cathedrals, and the spotlight has been firmly on this famous building since April 209, when a fire devastated the structure. We've included it on our list to remember it in its full glory. Construction began on this cathedral in 1160, and the building has since had a peppered history of destruction and reconstruction. Hopefully this next reconstruction will transform it to its past majesty, or perhaps take it in an exciting new direction.

+$03. Heydar Aliyev Center, Baku

+$This famous building was designed by celebrated architect Zaha Hadid+$(Image credit: Rohit Potdar from Pexels)

+$The Heydar Aliyev Center is one of the most famous buildings designed by celebrated Iraqi-British architect Zaha Hadid. It's located in Baku, Azerbaijan, and is one of the newer designs on this list, having been completed in 2012. The design is noted for its distinctive, flowing lines and lack of sharp angles.

+$Zaha Hadid Architects was awarded the commission following a competition in 2007. On the practice's网站+$, it explains the motivation behind the design: "The Center... breaks from the rigid and often monumental Soviet architecture that is so prevalent in Baku, aspiring instead to express the... optimism of a nation that looks to the future."

+$04. Cathedral of Brasilia, Brasilia


The exterior of Brasilia by Florian Knorn via Wikipedia Commons

+$The exterior of Brasilia by Florian Knorn via Wikipedia Commons

The stunning interior of Brasilia by Cayambe via Wikipedia Commons

+$The stunning interior of Brasilia by Cayambe via Wikipedia Commons

+$This curved beauty in Brazil's Brasilia is just as striking inside as outside with its beautiful stained glass and crown-like structure. It was created between 1958-1970 by Oscar Niemeyer and Lúcio Costa, who were known communists (an interesting point given the religious context). They rejected the trend for cube-like design favoured by their peers and celebrated the majesty of the curve.

+$05. Harpa Concert Hall, Reykjavik

Famous buildings: Harpa Concert Hall

+$The Harpa Concert Hall consists of a steel framework clad with geometric glass panels+$(Image credit: Henning Larsen)

+$Harpa concert hall in Reykjavik was designed by Danish-Icelandic artist Olafur Elíasson  alongside Henning Larsen Architects and Batteríið Architects. The kaleidoscope effect of the crystaline shell deploys light and colour that plays with your senses when you enter the building. It's a shimmering sculpture, sitting on the shoreline linking sky and sea.

+$06. Milwaukee Art Museum, Wisconsin


+$(Image credit: Kayle Kaupanger on Unsplash)

+$(Image credit: Nick Grant on Unsplash)

+$The Milwaukee Art Museum is an architectural landmark, comprised of three buildings. The War Memorial Center (1957) was designed by Finnish-American architect Eero Saarinen; the Kahler Building (1975) by David Kahler; and the Quadracci Pavilion (2001) by Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava.


+$07. Forbidden City, Beijing

Famous buildings: The Forbidden City in Beijing


较少有一座着名的建筑物和一系列着名的建筑物 - 确切地说,建于公元1406年至1420年之间的980年 - 紫禁城是明朝至清末的皇帝之家,使其成为中国的政治中心半个千年。

这座前皇宫现在是故宫博物院的所在地,并于1987年被宣布为世界遗产。故宫被联合国教科文组织列为世界上最大的古代木结构建筑群,平均有1600万。自2016年以来每年都有访客 - 平均每天有40,000名访客。

+$08. The Dancing House, Prague

Famous buildings: The Dancing House in Prague

令人瞩目的舞蹈之家有Frank Gehry的标志

绰号The Dancing House,布拉格的Nationale-Nederlanden建筑由克罗地亚 - 捷克建筑师VladoMilunić和加拿大裔美国建筑师Frank Gehry设计。

由于99个混凝土板,每个都有不同的形状和尺寸,解构主义 - 或新巴洛克式 - 建筑形成了一种不同寻常的舞蹈形状。事实证明,这座建筑现在以捷克国家银行发行的2000捷克克朗金币为特色。

+$09. Great Mosque of Djenné, Djenné

The Great Mosque of Djenné

Djenné大清真寺以马里的徽章为特色。拍摄者Ruud Zwart



+$10. Lotus Temple, New Dehli

The temple welcomes worshippers of all faiths

寺庙欢迎所有信仰的崇拜者+$(Image credit: Swapnil Deshpandey from Pexels)

莲花寺是新德里的巴哈伊教堂,由27个类似莲花花瓣的建筑组成,通向一个高约40米的中央大厅。它有九个侧面,九个门,可容纳2500人。它的表面由希腊Mount Pentelicus的白色大理石制成,与用于建造帕台农神庙的大理石相同。


+$11. Himeji Castle, Himeji

Himeji Castle

+$Himeji Castle is particularly beautiful when the cherry blossoms are out. Image:维基共享共享上的卢卡斯



+$12. Cologne Cathedral, Cologne

Famous buildings: Cologne Cathedral




+$13. Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem

Famous buildings: Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem




+$14. La Pedrera, Barcelona

Fanous buildings: La Pedrera in Barcelona

高迪的米拉之家(La Pedrera)是建筑史上最具想象力的房屋之一

+$Nested among the urban streets of Barcelona are some unusual and beautiful buildings by infamous architect Antoni Gaudí. His unique approach to the Art Nouveau movement generated some of the most creative buildings the world have ever seen. And La Pedrera is no exception.


+$15. St Paul's Cathedral, London

Famous buildings: St Paul's Cathedral in London


+$London's most iconic building, St Paul's Cathedral, was designed by English architect Sir Christopher Wren. Sitting at the top of Ludgate Hill, the highest point in the City of London, its famous dome is one of the world's largest, measuring nearly 112 metres high.

该网站上的原始教堂成立于公元604AD。目前的英国巴洛克式教堂的工作始于17世纪,由克里斯托弗·雷恩(Christopher Wren)作为伦敦大火之后重大重建计划的一部分。

Wren于1666年开始在圣保罗工作,他的大教堂设计需要9年时间才能完成,实际施工需要35年。从那以后,圣保罗一直扮演着伦敦生活中不可或缺的一部分 - 作为城市天际线中的霸气元素,作为旅游和宗教崇拜的中心,最近作为反资本主义抗议活动的焦点。

+$16. Petronas Towers, Kuala Lumpur

Famous buildings: The Petronas Towers in Kuala Lumpur


Petronas Towers高451.9米,是马来西亚吉隆坡的两座摩天大楼。这些建筑在1998年至2004年间拥有世界上最高的建筑,是首都的标志性建筑。

+$The distinctive postmodern style was created by architects Cesar Pelli and Achmad Murdijat, engineer Deejay Cerico and designer Dominic Saibo under the consultancy of JC Guinto.

+$17. The White House, Washington

Famous buildings: The White House in Washington

+$The White House, designed by Irish architect James Hoban, took eight years to construct. Image: Matt Wade

+$Irish architect James Hoban was the man behind the design of the White House. In 1792 Hoban submitted a plan for the presidential mansion and subsequently got the commission to build the White House. Construction began in 1793 and was completed in 1801. The mansion, which has been home to every US leader since the country's second president John Adams, is made from white-painted Aquia sandstone.

+$18. Leaning Tower of Pisa, Pisa

Famous buildings: The Leaning Tower of Pisa

+$Due to restoration work carried out in 2001, the tower currently leans at just under 4 degrees. Image: Alkarex Malin äger


塔楼的建筑工作于1173年开始,持续了199年。围绕塔楼背后建筑师的真实身份存在很多争议 - 该设计最初归功于艺术家Bonnano Pisano,但研究也暗示了建筑师Diotisalvi。

+$19. The Kaaba, Mecca

Famous buildings: The Kabba in Mecca


Kaaba,意为阿拉伯语立方体,是一座位于沙特阿拉伯麦加的方形建筑。 Kabba是伊斯兰教中最神圣的地方,优雅地挂在丝绸和棉质面纱上。每年都有数百万穆斯林前往卡巴去朝觐,这是一年一度的伊斯兰朝圣之旅。


+$20. The Shard, London

Famous buildings: The Shard in London


The Shard也被称为玻璃碎片,是一座95层高的摩天大楼,位于伦敦市中心。建设始于2009年,并于2012年完成,三年后,成为西欧最高的建筑。

The Shard由建筑师Renzo Piano设计,是英国第二高的独立结构。它的外观拥有11,000块玻璃面板 - 相当于八个温布利足球场或两个半特拉法加广场的面积。


+$21. Las Lajas Sanctuary, Nariño

las lajas sanctuary in Colombia: famous buildings

这座教堂教堂的环境几乎不可能更具戏剧性。摄影:Steve Monty在Flickr上



+$22. St Basil's Cathedral, Moscow

Famous buildings: St Basil's Cathedral in Moscow

莫斯科红场独特的圣巴西尔大教堂由建筑师Postnik Yakolev设计


这座大教堂建于1555年至1561年之间,是在伊凡四世(Ivan the Terrible)统治期间建造的。人们对这座建筑的建筑师Postnik Yakovlev知之甚少,但他显然是洋葱圆顶,锋利的尖刺和多边形塔的粉丝。

+$23. Empire State Building, New York

Famous buildings: The Empire State Building in New York



+$The building was designed by William F Lamb of architectural firm Shreve, Lamb and Harmon. It was declared by the American Society of Civil Engineers to be one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World and is known around the world as an icon of New York City.

+$24. Lloyd's Building, London

Famous buildings: Lloyds Building in London

+$The award-winning Lloyd's building was designed by Italian-born architect Richard Rogers. Image: Aurelien Guichard


+$Architects Roger Stirk Harbour + Partners were behind the innovative design, which has its services – including water pipes and staircases – on the outside. Built between 1978 and 1986, the building also features 12 exterior lifts, which were the first of their kind in the UK.

+$25. Colosseum, Rome

Famous buildings: The Colosseum in Rome

+$The Colosseum is the largest Roman amphitheatre ever built. Image: David Iliff


建筑 - 主要使用混凝土和石材 - 始于公元72年左右,于公元80年完工。斗兽场的设计和形状一直是许多现代体育场馆的灵感来源。今天,它是罗马最受欢迎的旅游景点之一,每年吸引成千上万的游客。

+$26. Taj Mahal, Agra

Famous buildings: Taj Mahal in Agra

+$The Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. Image: Muhammad Mahdi Karim


+$The Taj Mahal is regarded as one of the finest examples of Mughal architecture – an amalgamation of Persian, Turkish and Indian styles. Construction on the mausoleum began in 1632 and was completed in 1643. The surrounding buildings and gardens took around five more years to finish.

+$27. Chrysler Building, New York

Famous buildings: Chrysler Building in New York City

克莱斯勒大厦在帝国建立之前的11个月里,在1930年获得了世界最高建筑称号。图片来源:Joris Van Rooden


+$It didn't last long though. Just a year later the Empire State Building was erected. Designed by architect William Van Alen, the skyscraper was commissioned by car manufacturer Walter P Chrysler, hence its name.

+$28. Sydney Opera House, Sydney

Famous buildings: Sydney Opera House


+$The Sydney Opera House is widely regarded as one of the greatest architectural works of the 20th century. The innovative design came from architect Jørn Utzon, who was relatively unknown until January 29, 1957 when his entry to the 'International competition for a national opera house at Bennelong Point, Sydney' was announced the winner.


+$29. Space Needle, Seattle

Famous buildings: Space Needle in Seattle

+$40 years after its construction, the Space Needle remains a popular visitor destination. Image: Jordon Kalilich


该设计是建筑师Edward E Carlson和John Graham之间的合作。这座建筑不仅是一个令人惊叹的建筑,而且它也是一个坚固的结构 - 它的建造是为了能够承受200英里每小时的风速和高达9.1级的地震。

+$30. Hagia Sophia, Istanbul

Famous buildings: Hagia Sophia in Istanbul




+$31. Buckingham Palace, London

Famous buildings: Buckingham Palace in London

+$Buckingham Palace is one of London's most popular tourist attractions. Image: David Iliff

最初被称为白金汉宫的乔治三世于1735年购买了这座房产,当时这座豪宅不过是一座红砖房。从那时起,各种建筑师一直致力于建筑,使其成为今天的建筑,包括John Nash和Edmund Blore。


+$32. Fallingwater, Pennsylvania

Famous buildings: Fallingwater in Mill Run

+$Frank Lloyd Wright created this unique design for the Kauffman family in 1934. Image: Sxenko

+$Designed by famous American architect Frank Lloyd Wright in 1934, Fallingwater is quite possibly the most famous private residence in the world. But why? Well, the unique design makes it look like the house stretches out over a 30ft waterfall, with no solid ground beneath it.


+$33. Pantheon, Rome

Famous buildings: Pantheon in Rome




+$34. Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao

Famous buildings: Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao

建筑师Frank Gehry在赢得建筑设计竞赛后,为该博物馆开发了独特的概念

+$The Guggenheim museum Bilbao is one of the most admired works of contemporary architecture. Canadian-born American architect Frank Gehry created the unique concept after winning an architectural competition to design the building.


+$35. Burj Khalifa, Dubai

Famous buildings: Burj Khalifa in Dubai

+$Don't look down! The world's tallest building in Dubai is over 800 metres high. Image: Nicolas Lannuzel

最后在我们的名单上 - 但绝不是最少 - 是世界上最高的建筑物Burj Khalifa。庞大的摩天大楼和迪拜市中心的宏伟中心高达828.9米。

+$Construction began on the 160-floor building in 2004 with its doors opening six years later in 2010. The task of creating the world's tallest manmade structure was awarded to the Chicago office of American architectural and engineering firm Skidmore, Owings and Merril LLP.