10个木炭绘图专家提示

+$Charcoal drawing is addictive. Maybe it’s because charcoal drawings are so fast and immediate, or maybe because the final look is often so impressive, but people love  charcoals. Even the great Michelangelo created a number of charcoal drawings.

+$Whatever the reasons for its popularity as a medium, there are certain charcoal drawing techniques you should know before you create your first charcoal masterpiece. In this article we'll run through some key charcoal drawing tips and tricks to help you get started. Check out the video below, then follow the steps to success.

+$For more help with your creations, see our tutorials on如何绘制+$, Or Investigate Various艺术技巧

您可以使用任何类型的木炭来尝试这些技术。只需在您当地的艺术商店询问,他们就会引导您(请参阅第09页有关不同类型的信息)。如果这有助于你进一步教育自己,为什么不去接受Schoolism.com+$to discover courses, workshops and more.

+$01. Find The Essence

这张图片是关于保罗的 - 其他一切都支持这个主要想法

+$The main thing is to keep the main thing the main thing. Artistically speaking, the main thing is called the essence. It's as important in charcoal drawing as it is in any other medium. When creating a piece, the need to establish what the image is about, and what you want to say with it. Once you settle on the 'main idea' or the essence, everything you do from that point on, every move and every detail you put in or leave out, should work to strengthen that aspect of the piece.

02.了解价值的价值

学习如何组织灯光和黑暗

+$The word 'value' gets thrown around a lot in art, and can seem confusing. What we mean by 'value' is simply a walk from white to black (light to dark), on a range of one to 10. One is the white of the page and 10 is black, so a five, 50 per cent or 'halftone' is a medium grey, halfway between white and black. Every image is composed of values (darks or lights), regardless of colour.

为了帮助你,从中间开始工作,保持你最暗的阴影(阴影)不要比六或七的颜色更深,而你的最亮(光效或光线中的一切)是三或四的值。朝着黑暗(口音)和你的白人(亮点)努力。

想想生活在不同街区的双胞胎的口音和亮点。它们不是您图像中最重要的元素。他们服务于整体。

03.使用值的层次结构

two images based on photograph with different values

+$You can control the eye using value

可以肯定地说,成功的图像是一种能够快速读取并且能够在情感上触动你的图像。使用值或色调并将木炭绘图的不同区域指定为较暗或较暗的色调可能是一个非常有用的工具。

在上图中,基于Josiah Bice拍摄的照片,最黑暗的值用于主题。注意他脸颊上最轻的值和为他的身体质量保留的最黑暗的值。

使用值的层次结构,您可以将查看器指向您希望他们首先看到的内容。在这种情况下,史蒂夫吸了他的烟斗。其他一切变得不那么重要了。他是形象的精髓。

04.斜视

two images of a dog, one more basic than the other

眯起眼睛简化了事情

有时20/20的愿景没有帮助。当我们观察到我们正在绘制的东西时,有大量信息通过视线进入。充满不必要细节的图像削弱了作品的效果。目标是编辑和简化。

+$Squinting our eyes just a bit (or maybe taking your glasses off) will blur the image's values and help us see a more simplified version of what we are looking at overall. Squinting also helps us see simple shapes very clearly. Nailing those simple shapes helps with the overall essence of the piece.

05.探索粗细线条

picture of dog

并非所有线都是平等的

使用粗细线是一个有趣的想法,有趣的是,有多少艺术家在他们的作品中错过了这种非常有用的技巧。在炭画中,如果每条线具有相同的宽度或使用相同的精确压力绘制,它最终看起来像着色书图纸,并且可能会看起来非常单调和无聊。在绘图中使用粗细线可以使它更加生动。

+$So how do you use this technique, and what do you need to know? The rule of thumb is that lines on top of things are thinner since light is hitting them and lines underneath objects can be thicker since there are usually shadows sitting there. That’s it. Simple, right? Check out the various dancing lines and thickness on the dog drawing above. Now you know.

06.使用橡皮擦

hand using eraser to rub out hair from a painting of a man's face

有时光可以“擦除”出来

+$The cool thing about charcoal is that it’s easy to control. You can move it around easily. Once you apply charcoal you can remove it or erase it where it's not needed. In the picture above, the erased part marks out where the light is hitting the model's head.

07.用一些工具装箱自己

three images with three different types of eraser

你可能需要一个工具带

+$Traditional artists have plenty of tools of the trade to choose from, and the tools for creating charcoal drawings are particularly cool. The image above shows some great ones: a really small+$fine-line Eraser, 一个+$kneaded Eraser+$that you can bend and squash, and a+$hardcore Eraser Pen+$for those tough, heavy lifting erasing jobs.

+$Using charcoal or pastels requires us to 'move' or apply the medium, and there are many ways to accomplish this. Your finger is the most obvious, yet can be streaky or too small. A+$Webril Wipe+$is a great tool for making a large mass of charcoal in one stroke.

08.戴上手套

image demonstrating why you should use a glove

这是一个无油区

您是否知道您的手表面有油会损坏纸张或库存的纯度并对您不利?手上的油脂甚至可以附着在纸上并排斥介质。要解决此问题,请戴上手套或在手下放置另一张纸以保护您的作品。

09.试试炭笔

three charcoal pencils

这是一个很好的起点

+$Charcoals come in many forms, from pencils to thick sticks to chunks, and the specific medium you decide to use is up to you. In the above photo are three good examples of charcoal pencils. Know that they can be messy, so after using them, it's worth spraying your charcoal drawing with a+$workable Fixative+$to Control Them.

10.按开

painting of birds

你可以飞 - 只是继续努力

+$Remember that drawing is difficult and at times frustrating. Stick at it. Creating art is extremely hard to pull off and it can take time to feel happy about your progress.

学习和成长是一个社区项目。与您敬佩的一些艺术家联系并建立联系。要谦虚和受教,并要求他们了解你的工作。问'我的弱点是什么?'并且'我应该从哪里开始,或者我应该关注什么?'请他们说实话。这些都是好问题,也是一个很好的起点。

好消息是,每个人都在某个时候陷入了垃圾场。直到今天,我仍然非常怀疑充满怀疑的日子,还有其他我可以飞的地方!所以按下,打开你的翅膀,跳起来,抓住风。

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